Risk of major bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation taking dronedarone in combination with a direct acting oral anticoagulant (from a U.S. claims database)

The American Journal of CardiologyGandhi SK, Reiffel JA, Boiron R, et al. | October 19, 2021

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Concomitant use of dronedarone (an antiarrhythmic drug) and any of the direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs; apixaban, dabigatran, and rivaroxaban) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients did not result in increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage [ICH] or bleeding at other sites (non-gastrointestinal [GI], non-ICH). However, prospective analyses, preferably randomized controlled studies, are required for further exploration.

  • This is a retrospective cohort analysis, using the United States Truven Health MarketScan claims, to compare concomitant users of dronedarone to DOAC alone users in patients with AF.

  • Treatment with dronedarone and apixaban did not confer increased risk of major bleeding (adjusted Hazard Ratio [aHR]: 0.69) vs apixaban alone users.

  • Use of dronedarone and dabigatran led to a modestly increased risk of GI bleeding but not overall bleeding (aHR bleeding: 1.18; aHR GI bleeding: 1.40) vs dabigatran alone users.

  • Administration of dronedarone and rivaroxaban resulted in an increased risk of overall bleeding, driven by GI bleeding (aHR bleeding: 1.31; aHR GI bleeding: 1.39) vs rivaroxaban alone users.

Read the full article on The American Journal of Cardiology

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