Predicting grade and stage at cystoscopy in newly presenting bladder cancers – A prospective double-blind clinical study

UrologyMariappan P, et al. | August 18, 2017

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A prospective clinical study was conducted to evaluate Urologists' ability to predict the grade and stage of new bladder cancers from the cystoscopic features alone. Urologists' appear to reliably predict lower grade and muscle invasive disease, confirming widely held belief for clinical purposes, in newly presenting patients with bladder cancer. Importantly, this allows for appropriate and efficient use of surgical expertise, available technology and entry into clinical trials selecting on the basis of pre–histology risk categories.

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