Impact of agitation in long‐term care residents with dementia in the United States

International Journal of Geriatric PsychiatryFillit H, Aigbogun MS, Gagnon-Sanschagrin P, et al. | July 27, 2021

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Researchers analyzed characteristics as well as contrast clinical results including falls, fractures, infections, and neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) in long-term care residents with dementia with and without agitation, in this cross-sectional secondary analysis of administrative healthcare data. There were 6,265 long-term care residents with dementia; of those, a total of 3,313 were involved in the Agitation Cohort and 2,952 in the No-Agitation Cohort. Findings in long-term care residents with dementia revealed an association of presence of agitation with not only numerically higher medication use and an elevated probability of experiencing falls, fractures, infections, but also with additional NPS, relative to residents without agitation. This emphasizes the unmet requirement for effective treatment of agitation symptoms in this group.

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