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Autologous dendritic cell immunotherapy plus chemotherapy in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer

JAMAVogelzang NJ, Beer TM, Gerritsen W, et al. | February 14, 2022

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The efficacy and safety of DCVAC/PCa, an active cellular immunotherapy, are investigated in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC).

  • A randomized clinical trial of 1,182 patients.

  • Overall survival (OS) did not differ between the DCVAC/PCa and placebo groups, with median OS of 23.9 and 24.3 months, respectively.

  • Treatment-emergent adverse events occurred in 9.2% and 12.7% of patients in DCVAC/PCa and placebo arms, respectively.

  • No extension in OS occurred in correlation with receiving DCVAC/PCa combined with docetaxel plus prednisone and continuing it as maintenance treatment; patients with mCRPC well tolerated the treatment.

  • Researchers emphasize identification of factors linked with the efficacy of immunotherapy to better select patients and thus prolong OS.

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