Nomophobia, a fear of not being able to connect via cell phone with others or an inability to access cell phone applications and services, is associated with a number of psychiatric disorders, including social anxiety, low self-esteem, and an extroverted personality disorder.
This was an observational cross-sectional study conducted in Saudi Arabia and Jordan. An online survey was submitted by a total of 5191 respondents in a convenience sample from Saudi Arabia and Jordan.
The median time spent on a cell phone daily by the respondents was 210 minutes.
When access to a cell phone is lost, nearly 30% of the respondents admitted to feeling anxious or taking medication for anxiety.
Greater than 50% of the respondents met the criteria for dependence on their cell phone. The risk of cell phone dependence was increased in the following groups: < 30 years of age (especially students); male gender; and unmarried status (especially divorced).