Association between severity of COVID-19 respiratory disease and risk of obstructive sleep apnea

ENT JournalIannella G, Vicini C, Lechien JR, et al. | July 30, 2021

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Researchers assessed the link between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) respiratory illness severity and the risk of infected patients to develop obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in those with a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection who were studied in this observational retrospective study. There were 96 patients with confirmed COVID-19 infection. Participants were categorized based on respiratory disease: group 1 (72 patients), hospitalized patients receiving conventional oxygen therapy; group 2 (24 patients), patients needing enhanced respiratory support. A STOP-BANG score between 5 and 8 (high risk of having apnea) was found in 41.6% of the patients in group 2 whereas a STOP-BANG score between 5 and 8 was found in 20.8% of the patients in group 1, with a statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (P = .05). On the basis of these findings, considering the chances of having a severe case of COVID-19 in patients at high risk of OSA was recommended.

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