Affective responses to overeating episodes in women participating in a behavioral weight loss program

Eating BehavioursHayes JF, Schumacher LM, Panza E, et al. | February 08, 2022

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Much research has been performed investigating the precursors to dietary lapses in weight loss programs. Researchers herein investigated affective responses to overeating lapses and examined how the responses affect subsequent overeating and overall weight loss.

  • In a 3-month group behavioral weight loss intervention (BWLI), participants were 60 women who were overweight or obese (BMI (mean ± SD): 34.3 ± 3.9 kg/m2; age: 48.1 ± 10.1 years).

  • At baseline as well as 3 months, completion of anthropometric assessments and a 10-day ecological momentary assessment protocol sent 5 times per day reporting on overeating and affect (stress, shame, anxiety, and feeling good about oneself), was done.

  • In women with obesity, negative affect after overeating may perpetuate overeating.

  • After overeating, weight loss program participants had a lowering of the feeling good about oneself.

  • There were acute reductions in feeling good about oneself and these reductions lessen over time.

  • Weight loss could not be predicted with either overeating or negative affect following overeating.

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